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Growth Spiral, 1986 - pastel by Susan Dorothea White

Growth Spiral
Susan Dorothea White
pastel, 1986



Memoirs of a Dutch medical student forced to work in Göttingen University anatomy department during the nazi period (translated, pdf, 2.6MB)

The developmental history of a sensory ganglion cell draft by B. Freeman, for discussion (pdf)

Let's stop saying that a muscle 'contracts' unfinished, unpublished article by B. Freeman, for discussion (pdf)

Presentation: Anatomy Lessons from History (2015, Part I) by B. Freeman (pdf, 1.1MB)

Presentation: Anatomy Lessons from History (2015, Part II) by B. Freeman (pdf, 1.1MB)

Presentation: The organism as a fluid continuum - abstract of lecture by B. Freeman at 11th International and Interdisciplinary Symposium of Osteopathy, OSD, Berlin, December 2014 (pdf)

Presentation: Asymmetry and mass transfer in the development of organs - abstract from workshop by B. Freeman at 11th International and Interdisciplinary Symposium of Osteopathy, OSD, Berlin, December 2014 (pdf)

Presentation: Fluid movements in Blechschmidt’s metabolic fields - abstract from workshop by B. Freeman at 11th International and Interdisciplinary Symposium of Osteopathy, OSD, Berlin, December 2014 (pdf)

Presentation: Facing Facts: craniofacial development - handout from lecture by B. Freeman at pre-conference workshop, 11th International and Interdisciplinary Symposium of Osteopathy, OSD, Berlin, December 2014 (pdf, 17.8MB)

SOURCES for images, etc. used in Dr. Freeman's presentations on human embryology

Bibliography of articles, films, books by Erich Blechschmidt (1904–1992), his students and followers

Bibliography of articles by Eben J Carey (1889–1947) on histogenesis and muscle

New Concepts of Chemical and Biological Structure... by EB Cohen (1984)

Energy sources of blood circulation and the mechanical action of the heart by Leon Manteuffel-Szoege (1960)

Inner space: the strange extra-arachnoid world beneath the true dura by Charles W Needham (2006)

The Potency of Embryology Sutherland Cranial College Magazine, Issue 32 (2010): articles on embryology with interview of Brian Freeman by John Lewis (3.3 MB)

Substance of a LECTURE, Delivered at Newcastle, 28th of December, 1773, on the NATURAL POWERS employed in the CIRCULATION of the BLOOD, independent of the ACTION of the HEART... by Andrew Wilson (1776)

Handout on autonomic and enteric neurones by B Freeman (2012)

Simple Calendar for Embryos; Carnegie Stages; Glossary of terms used in B Freeman's presentations on human embryology

The difference between Embryo and Conceptus - abstract of talk at Australian Birth Defects Society Annual Meeting, Melbourne, April 2005

Facing Facts: Development & Anatomy - abstract of lecture to Australian & New Zealand Association of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons, National Conference, Melbourne, October 2005

The active migration of germ cells in the embryos of mice and men is a myth by B. Freeman (review), Reproduction 2003, 125, pp.635–643

Prenatal Development of the Face and Airway - abstract of lecture at 6th World Congress on Sleep Apnea, Sydney, March 2000

The How and Why of the Eye by B. Freeman, Direction 1999, vol. 2, pp.10-16 (pdf, 16 MB)


Blechschmidt's Ontogenetic Basis of Human Anatomy

OBHA cover

The Ontogenetic Basis of Human Anatomy  is Brian Freeman's translation & annotation of Anatomie und Ontogenese des Menschen by Erich Blechschmidt. The translation is published by North Atlantic Press (2004).


University of New South Wales, 2000–2007

In 2000, Susan Dorothea White and Brian Freeman co-established public anatomy drawing workshops at The University of New South Wales. The workshops were held in the Anatomy Laboratory (Dissecting Room) of the university's Department of Anatomy and gave the public a rare opportunity to draw actual human specimens that were normally seen only by medical and science students. Intensive 5-day workshops were held twice a year during the summer and winter university recess, when the absence of students meant that the laboratory was quiet and suitable as a 'drawing room'. Other workshops were conducted on weekends, which aslo provided a unique, contemplative atmosphere. The workshops attracted interstate and international participants from all walks of life, from surgeons to train drivers, artists to crime writers, builders to physicists. Students and professionals in art, as well as tertiary art teachers, also attended.

Press articles on Anatomy Drawing Workshops (extracts)

'...The mystique of the body is stripped away, parts named. The trapezius muscle is the "monk's hood", the latissimus dorsi is "the bottom scratcher", the levator scapulae "the muscle of indifference". At the art history lecture, White introduces the class to images of the body in art, the ways it has been represented in different cultures. There's Rodin's Thinker, a graceful Degas, a Fernand Léger abstract, dancer Sir Robert Helpmann - "a real artist of movement", White says - figurines from Angkor Wat, a delicate sculpture of a hand from Camille Claudel, works by Albrecht Dürer, Michelangelo, Hokusai, and finally, of course, da Vinci. For those wanting to hone their art skills, there's plenty of material to work with...'

Bringing the dead back to life – on paper   by Sharon Verghis, The Sydney Morning Herald  (5 April 2001)


'The University of New South Wales last week provided a rare chance for people from artists to plastic surgeons to take up the Leonardo da Vinci role by sketching body parts from the university's collection. The weokshop seeks to revive old skills and bring together science and art. Specimens used in the School of Medical Sciences annual Leonardo workshop are embalmed and professionally dissected parts from bodies donated to the university for study....Artist Susan Dorothea White gave artistic guidance during the week-long workshop. Ms White said that by discovering what is under the skin, participants improve their skills in rendering the human form...Sketching sessions were interspersed with illustrated talks on the influence of anatomy in art history, with slides of works by artists such as da Vinci, Rodin, Alice Neel, and Hokusai...'

Drawn and quartered   by Patricia Karvelas, The Australian  (19 February 2003)


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